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ISO 9001

ISO 9001 is one of International Standards for Quality Management System, established by International Organization for Standardization on the purpose of standardizing the requirements and adopted by over a hundred countries to be used as an identification card for the commercial trading throughout the world. The certification system of ISO 9001 is to evaluate the supplier’s quality management system and approve the certification whether it is in compliance with the ISO 9001 International Standard requirements. This system is applicable to all industrial areas such as production, construction, public administration service, finance and more.

This standard is maintained by TC 176 (Technical Committee), whose members have been experienced in the various industries. It is revised and reinforced periodically. In the past, the second (1994), the third (2000) and fourth (2008) revisions were used after the first publication in 1987. Currently, the fifth revision (2015) published on 15 September 2015 is applicable and still used as a national standard in many countries. In Korea, it is controlled as KS Q 9000 series

Elements of ISO 9001 Standard

Clause Number Titles
4. Context of the organization 4.1 Understanding the organization and its context
4.2 Understanding the organization and its context
4.3 Understanding the organization and its context
4.4 Understanding the organization and its context
5. Leadership 5.1 Leadership and commitment
5.2 Policy
5.3 Organizational roles, responsibilities and authorities
6. Planning 6.1 Actions to address risks and opportunities
6.2 Quality objectives and planning to achieve them
6.3 Planning of changes
7. Support 7.1 Resources
7.2 Competence
7.3 Awareness
7.4 Communication
7.5 Documented information
8. Operation 8.1 Operational planning and control
8.2 Requirements for products and services
8.3 Design and development of products and services
8.4 Control of externally provided processes, products and services
8.5 Production and service provision
8.6 Release of products and services
8.7 Control of nonconforming outputs
9. Performance evaluation 9.1 Monitoring, measurement, analysis and evaluation
9.2 Internal audit
9.3 Management review
10. Improvement 10.1 General
10.2 Nonconformity and corrective action
10.3 Continual improvement

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ISO 14001

ISO 14001 including other ISO 14000 series standard, which is built by ISO, is an International Standard for Environmental Management System to support the serial management activities that tend to continuously improve the environmental performance through activities, products, and services of organization. Like ISO 9001, this is the certification system that the 3rd party certification body conducts the assessment on the organization’s environmental management system and ensures whether it is conformance to the requirements. This standard includes the significant elements that are environmental aspects and impacts against activities, products and services to effectively operate the environmental management system. This standard is made to apply at the various industries such as manufacture, construction, and service. Continual improvement from the environment al policy, program, checking corrective action and management review and conformance to statutory requirements are the core area of ISO 14001. In the past, the first (1996) and the second (2004) revisions were used. Currently, the third revision (2015) published on 15 September 2015 is applicable.

Elements of ISO 14001 Standard

Clause Number Titles
4. Context of the organization 4.1 Understanding the organization and its context
4.2 Understanding the organization and its context
4.3 Understanding the organization and its context
4.4 Understanding the organization and its context
5. Leadership 5.1 Leadership and commitment
5.2 Policy
5.3 Organizational roles, responsibilities and authorities
6. Planning 6.1 Actions to address risks and opportunities
6.2 Quality objectives and planning to achieve them
7. Support 7.1 Resources
7.2 Competence
7.3 Awareness
7.4 Communication
7.5 Documented information
8. Operation 8.1 Operational planning and control
8.2 Requirements for products and services
9. Performance evaluation 9.1 Monitoring, measurement, analysis and evaluation
9.2 Internal audit
9.3 Management review
10. Improvement 10.1 General
10.2 Nonconformity and corrective action
10.3 Continual improvement

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ISO 22000

1) Definition of Food Safety

- Food will not cause harm to the consumer when it is prepared and/or eaten according to its intended use.
- Food safety is related to the occurrence of food safety hazards (3.3) and does not include other human health aspects such as malnutrition. It includes allergens, however.

2) Social Impact of Food Safety

- Change in life style
- Advancement in science & technology
- Mass production & distribution of food
- Globalization of trade
- Food-borne diseases
- Food safety
- Risk management

3) Global Impacts

- Demand for ready-to-eat food
- More food retail outlets/consortiums
- More food service establishments
- Technology related to production/processing, storage & transportation, genetics, etc
- Farm produce, intermediaries, fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) readily and quickly available
- New/more requirements by different interested parties

4) Food Safety Due to

- Raw materials quality
- Processing/handling
- Change of recipe
- Cross contamination
- Hygiene control
- Equipment maintenance
- Additives/chemicals

5) Food Safety Hazard (ISO 22000:2005 3.3)

a. Examples of Chemical Hazards
- Naturally occurring chemicals - allergens, mycotoxins (e.g. aflatoxin), mushroom toxins, shellfish toxins
- Added chemicals - PCBs, agricultural chemicals, pesticides, fertilizers, antibiotics, growth hormones, prohibited substances
- Toxic elements & compounds - lead, cadmium, mercury, arsenic, cyanide
- Food additives - vitamins & minerals
- Contaminants - lubricants, cleaners, sanitizers, coatings, paints, refrigerants, pest control chemical, water treatment chemicals
- Packing materials - plasticizers, vinyl chloride, printing ink, adhesives, lead, tin

b. Examples of Physical Hazards
- Glass - bottles, jars, light fixtures, utensils, gauge covers
- Wood - filed sources, pallets, boxes, building materials
- Metal - machinery, fields, wires, employees
- Insulation - building materials
- Bone - improper processing
- Plastic - packaging, pallets, equipment
- Personal effects - employees

c. Examples of Biological Hazards
- Medical waste
- Microorganism, virus or toxin that can impact human health
- Substances harmful to animals

6) Food Chain




a. Definition of Food Chain
Sequence of the stages and operations involved in the production, processing, distribution, storage, and handling of a food and its ingredients, from primary production to consumption.

that includes:
- Production of feed for food-producing animal intended for food production
- Production of materials intended to come into contact with food or raw materials


b. Players in the Food Chain
Organizations involved in one or more steps of the food chain include, but not limited to.

Directly
Feed producers, harvesters, farmers, producers of ingredients, food manufacturers, retailers, food services, catering organizations, organizations providing cleaning and sanitation services, transportation, storage & distribution services

Indirectly
Supplier of equipment, cleaning and sanitizing agents, packaging material, and other food contact materials


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OHSAS 18001

1) Background

OHSAS 18001 is a certification standard for OHSMS (Occupational Health & Safety Management System) that was established and declared on April 1999.

OHSAS(Occupational Health & Safety Management System) is a management system that efficiently manages the organization’s property and human resource after, in purpose of preventing the industrial disaster and providing the pleasant work environment, establishing the objectives to promote the safety and health of employee and regulating the responsibilities of organization and documented procedures.

It is remarkable that many international certification bodies agreed the acknowledgement of the mutual recognition on the OHSAS certification, and we expect that OHSAS will take place as one of the International Standard very soon. The fundamental concept of this current standard was based on the Guide BS8800, England Occupational Health & Safety Management caused various OHSAS related standards in worldwide to become an integrated standard.

2) The effects of OHSAS 18001

a. When the requirements of OHSAS 18001 are complied, the international trade barrier against the occupational safety and health can be eliminated, and also the international market can be easier to be advanced. (Guarantee not interrupted from the international pressure group such as ILO.)
b. Organization can actively deal with the domestic or international legal requirements.
c. It is easier to establish the integrated system with ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 and possible to achieve the efficient quality/environmental/occupational health & safety management system.
d. Not only can the accident rate be dramatically reduced, but also the property and human life can be protected as the potential risk in the workplace is continually monitored and controlled.
e.Due to the decrease in the accident rate, the expense to compensate for the accident can be reduced.
f.Organization can protect from damaging itself due to the unintentional accident and attempt to enhance its credibility.

3) Occupational Health & Safety Management System Model








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